Dictionary - Brief explanations of many philosophical terms and
Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Moderate-length articles, written
by professionals, introducing assorted philosophical views, issues,
and concepts. Not all of the planned entries have been completed yet,
but there's still a lot here that's useful. Some of the relevant entries
and Punishment in the Ancient World - Brief explanations of the
practices of a variety of ancient cultures.
Bentham, "The Rationale of Punishment" - One of the classic
texts of a utilitarian approach to punishment.
of Criminal Justice Statistics - Data compiled from a wide variety
of sources, about nearly every aspect of American criminal justice.
Hosted by SUNY-Albany and supported by the Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Justice Statistics - Gateway to governmental statistics on incarceration
rates, capital punishment, crime rates, prosecution, etc.
Crime Victimization Survey - A detailed annual survey indicating
who was victimized, by whom, and in what ways.
Office of Juvenile
Justice and Delinquency Prevention - The main government site concerned
with juvenile justice, with links to a variety of resources.
Penalty Information Center - A non-profit organization with a wide
array of facts, reports, analyses, and links on issues concerning capital
Penalty Links - A site with over 1000 links addressing all aspects
of capital punishment. Maintained by the Prosecutor's Office in Clark
Penalty - Information, argumentation, and other resources presented
in support of capital punishment.
End the Death Penalty - Information, argumentation, and other resources
presented in opposition to capital punishment.
Types of Punishment
Mega-Links - A page of dozens of links addressing a wide range
of prison-related issues. Maintained by Tom O'Connor, a professor
of criminal justice at Austin Peay.
The Sentencing Project - A non-profit oranization
"which promotes reduced reliance on incarceration and increased
use of more effective and humane alternatives to deal with crime."
Corporal Punishment Research - "Over 2,000 pages of factual
documentation and resources on corporal punishment around the world."
Justice Online - "Restorative justice is a theory of justice
that emphasizes repairing the harm caused or revealed by criminal
behaviour. It is best accomplished through cooperative processes that
include all stakeholders."
for Restorative Justice & Peacemaking - Part of the University
of Minnesota School of Social Work.
of Authors Read in PHIL 177