Patrick Frierson

Books and Papers

This page has links to selected papers in progress and published books, articles, and book chapters. Some of these are only available to those with online subscriptions to the journals in which the articles were published. Where possible, I've provided a link to earlier drafts of those published articles.

Work in Progress (as of October, 2018)

Intellectual Agency and Virtue Epistemology: A Montessori Perspective (a book to be published by Bloomsbury Academic). For an outline of the book, click here. For a limited time, you can check out a rough draft of the whole manuscript here

Here's a paper I wrote for a recent conference at the University of Birmingham (UK) on Character and Art Education.

Those interested in my published work on Montessori's philosophy should see articles 2,5,8,9,10,11, and 25 below.

Published Books (as of October, 2018)

1. Kant’s Empirical Psychology (Cambridge University Press, 2014).

2. Kant’s Questions: What is the Human Being? (Routledge, 2013). Tim Jankowiak's NDPR review available here.

3. Freedom and Anthropology in Kant's Moral Philosophy (Cambridge University Press, 2003). Dean Moyar's NDPR review of the book is available here.

Edited Book

1. Kant: Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and the Sublime and other Writings (edited with Paul Guyer, Cambridge University Press, 2011)

Published/Forthcoming Articles (as of October, 2018):

1. “Another Look at Kant on Degrees of Responsibility,” Con-Textos Kantianos 8 (2018): 348-69.

2. “Maria Montessori’s Metaphysics of Life,” European Journal of Philosophy 96(2018):991-1101, draft available here. An older and longer version of this chapter, which includes more of Montessori's philosophy of mind, is available here..

3. “Character in Kant’s Moral Psychology: Responding to the Situationist Challenge,” forthcoming in Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie, draft available here.

4. “Towards a Research Program in Kantian Positive Psychology (free until December 2018),” Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, online preprint at, draft available here..

5. “Making Room for Children: Maria Montessori’s Argument that Children’s Incapacity for Autonomy is an External Failing,” Journal of the Philosophy of Education 50 (2016): 332-50, draft available here..

6. “Kantian Feeling: Empirical Psychology, Transcendental Critique, and Phenomenology,” Con-Textos Kantianos, 3 (2016):353-71.

7. “Towards a Transcendental Critique of Feeling (A Response to Grenberg)”, Con-Textos Kantianos, 3 (2016):381-90.

8. “The Virtue Epistemology of Maria Montessori,” Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 94 (2016): 79-98, draft available here..

9. “Maria Montessori’s Philosophy of Empirical Psychology,” HOPOS: The Journal of the International Society for the History of the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Fall 2015), pp. 240-268, draft available here.

10. “Maria Montessori’s Moral Sense Theory,” History of Philosophy Quarterly 32 (2015): 271-292, draft available here..

11. “Maria Montessori’s Epistemology,” British Journal of the History of Philosophy 22(2014): 767-91, draft available here..

12. “Kant, Individual Responsibility, and Climate Change,” (Peer Commentary), Ethics, Policy, and Environment 17 (2014): 35-8, draft available here..

13. “Kant on Mental Disorder 1: An Overview,” History of Psychiatry 20 (2009): 267-289, draft available here..

14. “Kant on Mental Disorder 2: Philosophical Implications,” History of Psychiatry 20 (2009): 290-310, draft available here..

15. “Empirical Psychology, Common Sense, and Kant’s Empirical Markers for Moral Responsibility,” Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 39 (2008):473-82.

16. “Kant on the Causes of Human Action: A Brief Sketch,” Proceedings of the Tenth World Kant Congress (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2008)

17. “Corruption, Non-ideal Theory, and Grace: A response to Kant and the Ethics of Humility” (for Book Symposium), Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2007): 624-31.

18. “Providence and Divine Mercy in Kant’s Ethical Cosmopolitanism,” Faith and Philosophy 24 (2007): 143-63, draft available here..

19. “Ethical Meta-standards in Adam Smith and Aldo Leopold,” Environmental Ethics 29 (2007): 173-93, draft available here..

20. “Adam Smith and the Possibility of Sympathy with Nature,” Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (2006): 442-80, draft available here..

21. “Character and Evil in Kant’s Moral Anthropology,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (2006): 623-34.

22. “Kant’s Empirical Account of Human Action,” Philosopher’s Imprint 5.7 (December 2005): 1-32

23. “The Moral Importance of Politeness in Kant’s Anthropology,” Kantian Review 9 (2005): 105-27, draft available here.

24. “Learning to Love: From Egoism to Generosity in Descartes,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (2002): 313-38, draft available here.

Published/Forthcoming Book Chapters:

25. “Montessori,” in Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science (T. Shackelford and V. Weekes-Shackelford, eds.), Springer, forthcoming (2019).

26. “A Metaphysical Basis for Love: Descartes, Spinoza, and Conway on the Metaphysics of Love,” for Love: The History of a Concept (ed. R. Hanley) Oxford University Press (likely publication in 2019), draft available here.

27. “Descartes’s Moral Theory,” in The Cartesian Mind, ed. C. Lim and J. Secada, Routledge (likely publication in 2019), draft available here

28. Entries for Cambridge Kant Lexicon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming): Anthropology, propensity, evil, Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime, Remarks in the Observations.

29. “Kant, Immanuel,” for International Encyclopedia of Anthropology , Wiley-Blackwell, 2018, DOI: 10.1002/9781118924396.

30. “A new sort of a priori principles”: Psychological Taxonomies and the Origin of the Third Critique,” in Kant and the Faculty of Feeling (ed. Kelly Sorensen and Diane Williamson), Cambridge University Press, 2018.

31. “Denkungsart in Kant’s Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View,” Palgrave Kant Handbook (ed. Matthew Altman), Palgrave-MacMillan, 2017, pp. 643-64.

32. Entries for Kant-Lexikon (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2016): “Anthropologie in Pragmatischer Hinsicht” (6000 words), Rousseau (4500 words), Enthusiasm, “Über Schwärmerei und die Mittel dagegen,” and other small entries.

33. “The Role of Religion in Kant’s Early Ethics Lectures,” in Kant’s Lectures on Ethics: A Critical Guide, ed. Lara Denis and Oliver Sensen, Cambridge University Press, 2015, pp. 34-50.

34. “Affective Normativity,” in Kant on Emotion and Value (ed. Alix Cohen), Palgrave MacMillan, 2014, pp. 166-90.

35. “Affects and Passions in Kant’s Lectures on Anthropology” in Kant’s Lectures on Anthropology: A Critical Guide, ed. Alix Cohen, Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 94-113.

36. “Two Concepts of Universality in Kant’s Early Ethics” in Kant’s Observations and Remarks: A Critical Guide, ed. Susan Shell and Richard Velkley, Cambridge University Press, 2012, pp. 57-76.

37. “Rational Faith: God, Immortality, and Grace” in Immanuel Kant: Key Concepts, ed. Will Dudley and Kristina Engelhardt, Acumen Press, 2011, pp. 200-215.

38. “Introduction” to Kant: Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and the Sublime and other Writings, Cambridge University Press, 2011, pp. vii-xlv.

39. “Two Standpoints and the Problem of Moral Anthropology,” in Kant’s Moral Metaphysics (ed. James Krueger and Benjamin Lipscomb), Berlin: Walter deGruyter Press, 2010, pp. 83-110.

40. “Smithian Intrinsic Value” in The Philosophy of Adam Smith,, ed. Vivienne Brown and Samuel Fleischacker, London: Routledge, 2010, pp. 231-249.

41. “Kant and the End of Wonder,” in Philosophy Begins in Wonder, ed. Michael Deckard and Peter Losonczi, Eugene: Wipf and Stock.

42. “Kantian Moral Pessimism” in Kant’s Anatomy of Evil, ed. Sharon Anderson-Gold and Pablo Muchnik, Cambridge University Press, 2010, pp. 33-56.

43. “Applying Adam Smith: A Step Toward Smithian Environmental Virtue Ethics,” in New Voices on Adam Smith (London: Routledge, 2006), pp. 140-67.

Selected Book Reviews:

1. “Frederick Beiser. Weltschmerz: Pessimism in German Philosophy 1860-1900,” Review, Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (2017): 180-1.

2. “Patrick Stokes. The Naked Self: Kierkegaard and Personal Identity,” Review, Journal of the History of Philosophy, 2016.

3. “Allen Wood. The Free Development of Each: Studies on Freedom, Right, and Ethics in Classical German Philosophy,” Review, Kantian Review, 20 (2015): 506-512.

4. “Samuel Kerstein. How to Treat People,” Review, Mind 124(2015): 1312-18.

5. “Jeanine Grenberg. Kant’s Defense of Common Moral Experience,” Review, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2014.

6. “Chad Wellmon. Becoming Human: Romantic Anthropology and the Embodiment of Freedom,” Review, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2011.

7. “Pablo Muchnik, Kant’s Theory of Evil,” Review, Review of Metaphysics.

8. “Richard McCarty, Kant’s Theory of Action,” Review, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2010.

9. “Andrews Reath, Agency and Autonomy in Kant’s Moral Philosophy,” Review, Review of Metaphysics 62 (2008):421-3.

10. “Holly Wilson, Kant’s Pragmatic Anthropology,” Review, Kantian Review (2009)

11. “Richard Dean, Kant and the Formula of Humanity,” Review, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2007.

12. “Ronald Sandler and Philip Cafaro (eds), Environmental Virtue Ethics,” Review, Environmental Values 15 (2006): 258-260

13. “Heiner Bielefeldt, Symbolic Representation in Kant’s Practical Philosophy,” Review, Faith and Philosophy, 2006

14. “Jeanine Grenberg, Kant and the Ethics of Humility,” Review, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews, 2005.

15. “Jorge Secada. Cartesian Metaphysics: The Late Scholastic Origins of Modern Philosophy,” Review, Journal of the History of Philosophy (April 2001)

16. “Margaret Wilson. Ideas and Mechanism,” Review, Journal of the History of Philosophy (January 2000)